Argumentative Essay on Climate Change | Rubric and Sample

Climate change influences every aspect of our lives. From the way we communicate to the way we work, the impact of climate change is undeniable. Writing an argumentative essay about climate change offers an opportunity to explore this worrying subject. 

In this comprehensive guide, we will take you through the steps of creating an impactful argumentative essay on climate change. 


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Before we go further into the argumentative essay on climate change, it is essential to acknowledge the gravity of this global issue. Climate change, driven largely by human activities, poses a significant threat to the environment, ecosystems, and ultimately, the future of our planet.


The Definition of  Argumentative Essay


An argumentative essay is a genre of writing that requires you to take a stance on a particular topic, provide evidence to support your position, and refute counterarguments. It aims to persuade the reader to adopt your point of view.


The Rubric | Argumentative Essay on Climate Change


To present your arguments effectively, you must follow a well-structured essay format. Here’s a classic structure that works for most argumentative essays:


1. Introduction | Argumentative Essay on Climate Change


The introduction is your opportunity to grab the reader’s attention. Start with a compelling hook related to technology and state the issue you’ll be discussing. Provide some context and background information, and conclude with a clear thesis statement that outlines your stance on the topic.

2. Body | Argumentative Essay on Climate Change


The body of your essay is where you present your arguments and evidence. Divide this section into several paragraphs, each focusing on a single point. Remember to use topic sentences to guide the reader through your essay. 

3. Counterarguments and Refutation


To strengthen your essay, acknowledge opposing viewpoints and provide a counterargument. After presenting the counterargument, offer a compelling refutation to demonstrate the weaknesses in the opposing view.

4. Conclusion | Argumentative Essay on Climate Change


Here, you should summarize your main points, restate your thesis, and leave the reader with a compelling closing thought, suggestion, or insight. Encourage them to think critically about the topic.

See elements of argumentative essay here.

Argumentative Essay on Climate Change Example




Climate change, a phenomenon marked by alterations in temperature and weather patterns, has become a pressing concern in recent decades. The overwhelming scientific consensus attributes these changes to human activities, particularly the emission of greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide and methane. As the consequences of climate change manifest in rising sea levels, extreme weather events, and disruptions to ecosystems, the need for urgent action becomes increasingly evident.


The Anthropogenic Impact:


One of the primary arguments supporting human influence on climate change lies in the unprecedented levels of greenhouse gas emissions. The burning of fossil fuels, deforestation, and industrial processes release substantial amounts of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere, trapping heat and leading to a gradual warming of the planet. The correlation between the industrial revolution and the spike in global temperatures is a testament to the impact of human activities on the climate.


Scientific Consensus:


The scientific community, through extensive research and data analysis, has reached a consensus on the human role in climate change. Organizations like the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) provide comprehensive assessments, highlighting the anthropogenic contribution to global warming. Skepticism, often fueled by political or economic interests, should not overshadow the overwhelming evidence supporting the link between human activities and climate change.


Consequences and Impacts:


The consequences of climate change are far-reaching and affect various aspects of life on Earth. Rising sea levels threaten coastal communities, extreme weather events disrupt ecosystems and economies, and shifts in temperature patterns jeopardize agricultural practices. These impacts not only endanger the environment but also have profound implications for human societies, particularly vulnerable populations.


The Economic Perspective:


Addressing climate change is not only an environmental imperative but also an economic necessity. The costs associated with adapting to the consequences of climate change, such as building resilient infrastructure or dealing with the aftermath of extreme weather events, far exceed the investments required for transitioning to sustainable practices. Embracing renewable energy sources, promoting energy efficiency, and implementing eco-friendly technologies can foster economic growth while mitigating climate change.


The Moral Imperative:


Beyond the economic rationale, there exists a moral obligation to address climate change. The current generation, through its actions, determines the quality of life for future generations. Failing to take decisive measures to curb emissions and limit global warming is a breach of this intergenerational responsibility. The ethical dimensions of climate change underscore the need for a collective commitment to sustainability and environmental stewardship.




While the evidence overwhelmingly supports the human impact on climate change, some counterarguments persist. Skeptics often point to natural climate variability as a factor, suggesting that the Earth has experienced fluctuations in temperature throughout its history. While natural factors play a role, the unprecedented rate of temperature increase observed in recent decades aligns more closely with human-induced changes than with historical patterns.




In conclusion, the argument for human-induced climate change is grounded in scientific evidence, economic considerations, and moral imperatives. The urgency of the situation demands a global response, transcending political boundaries and economic interests. Embracing sustainable practices, transitioning to renewable energy sources, and fostering international cooperation are crucial steps toward mitigating the impact of climate change and securing a sustainable future for generations to come.


Argumentative Essay on How to Overcome Climate Change Example


As we know, the general layout of the essay:

  • Introduction
  • Body Paragraph
  • Conclusion

However, in the following argumentative essay example, we have seven body paragraph arguments; therefore, we put the sub heading on each of these paragraphs in the hope that it will make easier for you to identify each argument or the topic.





To effectively address and overcome climate change, a comprehensive and collaborative approach is essential. Climate change is a global challenge that requires immediate action to mitigate its impact on the planet. In this essay, we will explore various strategies and initiatives that can be employed to combat climate change and create a sustainable future for generations to come.


Renewable Energy Sources:


One of the primary contributors to climate change is the excessive emission of greenhouse gases, primarily carbon dioxide, methane, and nitrous oxide. To tackle this issue, a transition to renewable energy sources is crucial. Investing in solar, wind, and hydroelectric power can significantly reduce dependence on fossil fuels, decreasing emissions and mitigating the environmental impact. Governments, businesses, and individuals should collaborate to support and implement policies that promote the development and utilization of renewable energy technologies.


Reforestation and Afforestation:


Furthermore, reforestation and afforestation play a pivotal role in sequestering carbon dioxide and maintaining ecological balance. Trees act as carbon sinks, absorbing CO2 during photosynthesis and releasing oxygen. Initiatives to plant trees on a large scale, both in urban and rural areas, can contribute to carbon offset and combat deforestation. Governments should incentivize afforestation projects, encouraging citizens and businesses to participate actively in these efforts.


Transitioning to Regenerative Agriculture:


Another critical aspect of addressing climate change is the need for sustainable agricultural practices. Traditional farming methods often contribute to deforestation, soil degradation, and the release of methane from livestock. Transitioning to regenerative agriculture, which focuses on soil health, crop diversity, and reduced chemical inputs, can enhance carbon sequestration and promote ecosystem resilience. Sustainable agricultural practices can be supported through education, subsidies, and incentives for farmers who adopt environmentally friendly methods.


Adoption of Electric Vehicles and Development of Efficient Public Transportation:


In addition to changes in energy and agriculture, the transportation sector plays a significant role in climate change. The widespread adoption of electric vehicles (EVs) and the development of efficient public transportation systems can significantly reduce carbon emissions from the transportation sector. Governments should provide incentives for the production and purchase of electric vehicles, invest in charging infrastructure, and promote public transportation as a viable alternative to individual car ownership.


International Cooperation:


Addressing climate change also requires international cooperation. Nations must collaborate to set and achieve ambitious emissions reduction targets. Agreements like the Paris Agreement serve as a foundation for global efforts, but continued commitment and enforcement are essential. Governments, businesses, and individuals should work together to share knowledge, technology, and resources to accelerate the transition to a low-carbon economy.


Raising Awareness and Promoting Environmental Education


Moreover, raising awareness and promoting environmental education are crucial components of the fight against climate change. Educating the public about the consequences of climate change, the importance of sustainable practices, and the role individuals can play in mitigating the impact fosters a sense of responsibility and collective action. Schools, media, and community organizations should actively engage in promoting environmental literacy to create a more informed and environmentally conscious society.


Redirecting Subsidies from Fossil Fuel Industries to Renewable Energy Projects:


To fund and support these initiatives, governments and businesses can redirect subsidies from fossil fuel industries to renewable energy projects. Shifting financial incentives away from environmentally harmful practices towards sustainable alternatives can accelerate the transition to a green economy. Additionally, the private sector should invest in research and development of innovative technologies that can further enhance our ability to combat climate change.




In conclusion, overcoming climate change requires a multi-dimensional approach that addresses the root causes and involves individuals, businesses, and governments at all levels. Transitioning to renewable energy, promoting sustainable agriculture, adopting eco-friendly transportation, fostering international cooperation, and investing in education are all integral components of a comprehensive strategy to combat climate change. By implementing these measures collectively, we can create a sustainable and resilient future for the planet and future generations.



See also short argumentative essay sample for middle school here.

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